Tires can suffer various types of damage, which can affect their performance, safety and lifespan. Below I detail some of the most common damages that can occur to tires:

  1. Uneven wear: Uneven tire wear can be caused by alignment problems, incorrect wheel balancing, incorrect tire pressure, or suspension problems. If wear is more pronounced in one part of the tire than others, the traction and stability of the vehicle may be reduced.

  2. Cuts and Cracks: Cuts and cracks in the tire surface can be caused by impacts against sharp objects or curbs. This damage can weaken the structure of the tire and increase the risk of a puncture or explosion.

  3. Punctures: A puncture occurs when a sharp object such as a nail or a piece of glass punctures the tread of the tire. This can cause a gradual or sudden loss of tire pressure, affecting vehicle stability and handling.

  4. Bubbles and bulges: When the tire hits an obstacle with force, such as a pothole or curb, deformation can occur in the internal structure of the tire. This may manifest as a bubble or bulge on the sidewall of the tire. These irregularities can cause vibrations and, in extreme cases, even lead to structural failure of the tire.

  5. Tread Wear: Tread wear is a natural phenomenon that occurs over time due to constant contact with the road surface. If the tread depth becomes too shallow, the tire will lose grip and traction, especially in rainy or snowy conditions.

  6. Ply Separation: In poorly manufactured or damaged tires, the inner layers of the tire can separate from each other, known as ply separation. This may occur due to manufacturing defects, strong impacts, or extreme use conditions. Ply separation can be dangerous as it compromises the structural integrity of the tire.

It is important to perform regular tire inspections and replace them if significant damage is detected. Maintaining proper tire pressure, performing regular rotations, and driving safely will also help extend tire life and reduce the risk of damage. Remember to always follow the manufacturer's recommendations and consult a professional if you have questions about the condition of your tires.

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